Get the Global IP Investigations and Enforcement Perspective

Industry content delivered straight to your inbox.
Email address
Secure and Spam free...

The Perils of Using Chinese Contract Investigators (+AUDIO)

The Perils of Using Chinese Contract Investigators – AUDIO –

One of the essential strategies used by brand holders to acquire information about the promoters behind the counterfeiting of their IP is to seek out the assistance of reliable local contract investigators.

The application of this approach, however, appears to be particularly challenging in certain parts of China.

Systemic Fraud

According to an Associated Press investigative segment produced this past December, titled: “Fraud Helps China’s Fake Car Parts Reach US,” the problem for brand holders in developing information about the counterfeiters and their mode of operation, is the “…systemic fraud in China’s anti-counterfeiting industry.”

The AP segment highlights the pitfalls sited by a General Motors representative in China who attempted to use Chinese contract investigators.

Here are a few sample pitfalls:

  • The investigators manufacture or sell counterfeit goods themselves
  • Collude with counterfeiters they are supposed to expose
  • Try to extort protection money from the counterfeiters
  • Reveal inside brand information to counterfeiters by, in some instances, using that information to teach, “…counterfeiters how to make fakes indistinguishable from genuine items.”
  • Fabricate information about alleged raids.

The result is western brands, “…waste money on anti-counterfeiting raids…and in some instances…unwittingly paid investigators who themselves manufactured or sold counterfeit goods…” [1]

There are, of course, a number of theories on why it is so challenging to identify trustworthy investigators, but the consensus seems to be that historically many areas of China just do not see the problem with counterfeiting, and in some localities (it has been reported) their economies substantially depend on the counterfeit trade.

Double Agents

But it goes beyond individual local investigators. According to a December 2016, report in The Guardian titled, “China Anti-Counterfeiting Agents Make Many of the Fakes Themselves,” some western companies have found it necessary to sue the local IP investigative companies they’ve retained because of the direct sale of counterfeit products, or, being in collusion with the counterfeiters.[2]

These local IP investigative companies (and investigators) are in effect acting as double agents.

Police Reaction

And according to The Guardian report, “Shanghai’s Public Security Bureau took the unusual step of warning foreign brand owners to be watchful of the investigators they hire. “We very much hope that brand owners will pay attention and devote more manpower and material resources to ensure that the fight against counterfeiting is healthy and orderly,” the bureau said in written response to questions from the AP.

The Solution

So, what is a brand owner to do?

The answer is that local contract investigators, and companies that purport to provide IP investigative services in China, need to be painstakingly vetted before they are retained. A significant investment must be made to the vetting process, otherwise, a brand owner is, in effect, creating opportunity and rewarding the criminals for counterfeiting their IP.


[2] Chinese Anti-Counterfeiting Agents Make Many of the Fakes Themselves

Disclaimer: is offered as a service to the professional IP community. While every effort has been made to check information in this blog, we provide no guarantees or warranties, express or implied, with regard to content provided in We disclaim any and all liability and responsibility for the qualification or accuracy of representations made by the contributors or for any disputes that may arise. It is the responsibility of the readers to independently investigate and verify the credentials of such person and the accuracy and validity of the information provided by them. This blog is provided for general information purposes only and is not intended to provide legal or other professional advice.

Did you find this post useful?
I agree to have my personal information transfered to MailChimp ( more information )
Join other IP protection professionals, i.e., investigators, attorneys, and brand protection specialists and receive updates straight to your inbox.
We hate spam. Your email address will not be sold or shared with anyone else.

Ron Alvarez is an IP investigations and protection consultant and writer in New York City. He is a former NYPD lieutenant where he investigated robbery, narcotics, internal affairs, and fine art theft cases. Ron has since coordinated the private investigation of international fraud and money laundering cases, as well as IP-related investigations and research involving the four pillars of IP: copyright, patents, trademarks, and trade secrets. Ron is a graduate of the FBI National Academy and earned a B.A. in Government and Public Administration from John Jay College of Criminal Justice in Manhattan. He has written a number of articles for various investigative publications, as well as published "The World of Intellectual Property (IP) Protection and Investigations" in November 2021.

0 comments on “The Perils of Using Chinese Contract Investigators (+AUDIO)

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Get the Global IP Investigations and Enforcement Perspective

Industry content delivered straight to your inbox.
Email address
Secure and Spam free...